Chapter 7 or Chapter 13? Bankruptcy Attorney Explains The Difference in Video Interview

Texas Attorney David Shuster

Attorney David Shuster

David Shuster, a debt relief attorney based in the Dallas – Ft. Worth area, explained these differences in an interview with AskTheLawyers.com™.

If you don’t qualify for Chapter 7…then you can do a Chapter 13 and still get a discharge but pay back that amount that the law calls your "legal monthly disposable income" first.”

— Attorney David Shuster

DENVER, CO, USA, June 19, 2019 /EINPresswire.com/ — A bankruptcy attorney explained the key differences between Chapter 7 and Chapter 13 in a recent video interview.

David Shuster, a debt relief attorney based in the Dallas – Ft. Worth area, explained these differences in an interview with AskTheLawyers.com™. He explained who is eligible for each type of bankruptcy, the pros and cons of each, which debts are dischargeable by each type, how long each of them take to complete, whether or not you can transfer from one type to the other, which is best for alleviating student loan debt, and how an attorney can help you.

He explained that a Chapter 7 is a much faster process where you can discharge certain debts. Under a Chapter 13, you create a payment plan to pay off your creditors according to your income.

A crucial component of deciding which type of bankruptcy to file is the means test. The means test calculates your income to determine if you are eligible to file for a Chapter 7. The specifics vary state by state. Shuster said that if you have too much income, you cannot file a Chapter 7 bankruptcy.

“The main difference is the means test,” Shuster said. “If the law says you make too much money and have too much disposable income to get a Chapter 7 discharge without paying any creditors back, then you’re not eligible for a Chapter 7. You need to file a Chapter 13 to pay back maybe not all of the debt, but the portion of the debt for which you are legally responsible to pay. If you don’t qualify for Chapter 7 because you make too much money and don’t pass the means test, then you can do a Chapter 13 and still get a discharge but pay back that amount that the law calls your ‘legal monthly disposable income’ first.”

He encouraged everyone struggling with debt to contact an attorney to find out which avenue is the best option.

David Shuster is a bankruptcy attorney at Shuster Law PLLC based in Lewisville. He assists clients throughout the Dallas – Ft. Worth area by providing debt relief solutions. He can be reached at 888-365-0921.

Kimberly Busch
AskTheLawyers.com™, LLC
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Can’t Afford to Pay Taxes? Bankruptcy Lawyer Offers a Suggestion


Source: EIN Presswire

CCHR Warns Against Antidepressant Nasal Spray and Electroshock for Veterans

The Citizens Commission on Human Rights warns that President Trump is being misled about a nasal spray depression drug, esketamine, being the answer to veteran suicides.

The Citizens Commission on Human Rights warns that President Trump is being misled about a nasal spray depression drug, esketamine, being the answer to veteran suicides.

CCHR’s mission is to eradicate abuses committed under the guise of mental health and enact patient and consumer protections.

CCHR’s mission is to eradicate abuses committed under the guise of mental health and enact patient and consumer protections.

CCHR applauds White House action to curb suicides among veterans but the idea that dosing the brain through a nasal spray is purely hypothetical.

We are doing a great disservice to veterans when drugs and ECT are recommended. The wrong solution is to approve and enforce more damaging treatments at the expense of veterans’ lives.”

— Jan Eastgate, president of CCHR International

CLEARWATER, FLORIDA, UNITED STATES, June 19, 2019 /EINPresswire.com/ — The mental health watchdog, Citizens Commission on Human Rights (CCHR), warns that President Trump is being misled about a nasal spray depression drug, esketamine, being the answer to veteran suicides. The President has offered to help Veterans Affairs negotiate down the price of the new drug with its manufacturer to make it more accessible to vets. However, Bloomberg News and experts report the drug hasn’t been proven to reduce the risk of suicide and has other issues. [1]

Esketamine has potential serious risks because of its molecular similarity to ketamine, a “club” and “date rape” drug that can cause disassociation, meaning victims enter a state in which they feel as if their mind and body aren’t connected, according to Bloomberg BusinessWeek. [2] It comes with a prominent warning: “Patients are at risk for dissociative or perceptual changes after administration” and has the potential, like ketamine, to be abused. [3] The dissociation can include difficulty with judgment, attention and thinking. [4] There are also reports of esketamine inducing “psychosis-like” effects. [5]

CCHR applauds White House and Congressional action to curb suicides among veterans but the idea that dosing the brain through a nasal spray can heal depression is purely hypothetical, [6] essentially making veterans, already subjected to suicide-inducing antidepressants and electroshock, virtual guinea pigs.

Dr. Jess Fiedorowicz, director of the Mood Disorders Center at the University of Iowa and a member of the FDA expert committee that reviewed esketamine, described its benefit as “almost certainly exaggerated.” He considered the study design for the drug flawed. [7]

Kaiser Health News (KHN) said no information was presented to the FDA committee about the safety of esketamine or long-term use, reporting: “The FDA approved it anyway, despite deep misgivings expressed at its day-long review meeting and in the agency’s own briefing materials, according to public recordings, documents and interviews with participants.”

KHN’s investigation found:

• The manufacturer provided just one successful short-term, double-blind trial of esketamine. Two other trials to test efficacy fell short. Six participants died during clinical studies, three by suicide, compared to no suicides in the control group. The manufacturer and the FDA dismissed the deaths as unrelated to the drug.

• Kim Witczak, the FDA expert committee’s consumer representative, found the conclusion about the suicides unsatisfying. “I just feel like it was kind of a quick brush-over,” Witczak said. She voted against the drug. [8]

• The single positive efficacy trial also showed only a 4-point improvement in depression symptoms compared with placebo on a scale used to measure depression severity.

• The manufacturer had the FDA designate esketamine a “breakthrough therapy” (putting it on a fast track for approval) because it showed a potential to reverse depression rapidly, yet this was based on a two-day study during which 30 patients were given esketamine intravenously.

• Steven Meisel, the system director of medication safety for Fairview Health Services in Minneapolis stated: “I don’t think that we really understand what happens when you take this week after week for weeks and months and years.” [9]

Adding to the Opioid Crisis?

Esketamine is used in combination with oral antidepressants. [10] Chemically similar to ketamine, three doctors wrote a commentary on esketamine in Vice recently, stating that because ordinary ketamine is generic, the manufacturer of esketamine “simply isolated one of the two molecules in regular ketamine so that it qualified as ‘new.’” [11] Ketamine’s antidepressant effects are theorized to be from it activating opioid receptors. [12]

“My concern about this [ketamine] compound is that it is a disguised form of opiates," said Dr. Mark George, a professor of psychiatry at the Medical University of South Carolina. “I'm alarmed that there is pretty clear evidence [that] the way ketamine works is through the opioid system. [13]

“In the wake of the opioid crisis, perhaps the biggest worry is that loosening the reins too much on the use of ketamine and similar drugs could lead to a new abuse crisis,” Bloomberg Business Week reported. [14]

Add Brain Damaging Electroshock

Ketamine is used as an anesthetic with electroshock therapy (ECT), a treatment also recommended for the arbitrarily defined “treatment-resistant depression.” The VA reports hundreds of veterans are given ECT every year. [15]The FDA has never required Congressional-mandated pre-marketing applications (PMAs) with clinical trials proving the safety and efficacy of ECT devices. An online petition supports a total ban on ECT.

In 2008 the FDA cleared TMS (Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation) even though the agency’s advisers said the data failed to establish its effectiveness, calling it “marginal”, “borderline” and “questionable.” [16] As of 2018, the VA had spent more than $3.4 million acquiring dozens of the machines and related supplies, based on the FDA’s approval. Yet, a 2018 VA report on TMS found it made almost no difference in patients’ depression. [17]

Jan Eastgate, president of CCHR International sums up: “We are doing a great disservice to veterans when drugs and ECT are recommended. Treatment-resistant depression (TRD) is a term invented to mislead consumers into thinking the problem is theirs and not the failure of treatments given them. The wrong solution is to approve and enforce more damaging treatments at the expense of veterans’ lives.”

About CCHR: Initially established by the Church of Scientology and renowned psychiatrist Dr. Thomas Szasz in 1969, CCHR’s mission is to eradicate abuses committed under the guise of mental health and enact patient and consumer protections. L. Ron Hubbard, founder of Scientology, first brought psychiatric imprisonment to wide public notice: “Thousands and thousands are seized without process of law, every week, over the ‘free world’ tortured, castrated, killed. All in the name of ‘mental health,’” he wrote in March 1969. For more information visit www.cchrflorida.org

Sources:
[1] https://www.bloomberg.com/opinion/articles/2019-06-13/trump-offer-to-negotiate-j-j-depression-drug-for-vets-is-all-show
[2] https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/320409.php; https://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2019-02-05/ketamine-could-soon-be-used-to-treat-suicidal-ideation; thelancet.com/journals/lanpsy/article/PIIS2215-0366(17)30099-8/fulltext
[3] https://www.rxlist.com/spravato-drug.htm
[4] https://www.livescience.com/64937-ketamine-nasal-spray-depression.html
[5] https://www.ucl.ac.uk/news/2009/nov/heavy-ketamine-use-affects-short-term-memory
[6] Op. cit, Live Science, 6 Mar. 2019, https://www.livescience.com/64937-ketamine-nasal-spray-depression.html
[7] https://khn.org/news/fdas-approval-of-new-depression-drug-overlooked-red-flags-in-its-testing/
[8] Ibid.
[9] Ibid.
[10] https://www.statnews.com/2019/02/20/psychiatry-awaits-esketamine-with-excitement-hesitation/
[11] https://www.vice.com/en_us/article/pajkjy/opinion-the-new-ketamine-based-antidepressant-is-a-rip-off
[12] https://www.livescience.com/63457-ketamine-depression-opioid-receptors.html
[13] Op. Cit. Live Science, 6 Mar. 2019
[14] https://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2019-02-05/ketamine-could-soon-be-used-to-treat-suicidal-ideation
[15] https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/psychologists-support-ban-of-electroshock-treatment-on-military-and-veterans-300462418.html
[16] https://www.boston.com/news/politics/2018/11/27/us-goal-to-be-first-on-devices-worries-former-regulators
[17] Ibid.

Diane Stein
Citizens Commission on Human Rights of Florida
+1 727-422-8820
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Psychiatry in the Military: The Hidden Enemy—Full Documentary


Source: EIN Presswire

Legislative Victory for Texas Cancer Patients

Lazarex Cancer Foundation vertical logo

Lazarex Cancer Foundation logo

Texas Governor Greg Abbott signs law to help all cancer patients access cutting-edge medical advancements

If we don’t have fully enrolled clinical trials with a diverse pool of patients, life sustaining treatments are simply NOT possible. We appreciate the work that's been done in Texas and other states.”

— Dana Dornsife

DANVILLE, CALIFORNIA, UNITED STATES, June 18, 2019 /EINPresswire.com/ — Lazarex Cancer Foundation applauds Texas lawmakers for passing a law to break barriers to cancer clinical trials and provide equal access to potentially life-saving breakthrough medical advancements.

Sponsored by Reps. Charles Creighton, Tan Parker, and Valoree Swanson, HB 3147 clarifies that providing reimbursement to patients is not considered inducement or undue influence and that nonprofit organizations may provide reimbursement for patients’ travel expenses to a clinical trial. This action opens the door to cancer patients who want to take part in clinical trials that provide advanced treatments but may not have the personal funds to travel to the trial site.

A national study in 2016 found that patient households making less than $50,000 annually were almost 30 percent less likely to participate in clinical trials. Further studies show only 5 percent of cancer patients enroll in clinical trials and that minority patients are a fraction of that. This disparity threatens one of the most basic ethical underpinnings of clinical research: the requirement that the benefits of research be made available equitably to all eligible individuals.

Meanwhile, some corporations, individuals, public and private foundations, health care providers, and other stakeholders are hesitant to contribute to, or accept funds from, programs meant to alleviate financial burdens faced by patients who wish to participate in clinical trials. This is despite the fact that the FDA issued guidance in 2018 clarifying that reimbursing patients for participation in a cancer clinical trial is not considered coercion or inducement.

Lazarex Cancer Foundation has been engaged in intensive efforts at the state and federal levels to solve this problem.

Texas joins California and Pennsylvania in taking action to make it easier and affordable for patients battling cancer to participate in the clinical trials that might be their best chance for survival. HB 3147, set to go into effect Sept. 1, also allows the Cancer Prevention Research Institute of Texas to allocate from its existing funds to reimburse cancer clinical trial patients’ travel expenses.

Lazarex Cancer Foundation Founder Dana Dornsife says, “We are thrilled to be making progress with this important issue and grateful to Governor Abbott and the Texas legislators who sponsored this important life-saving bill. If we don’t have fully enrolled clinical trials with a diverse pool of patients, life sustaining treatments are simply NOT possible. Clinical trials are the pathway to new treatments. But when you have only five percent of cancer patients enrolling in clinical trials and about 50 percent of clinical trials failing because they can’t enroll enough patients, the pathway is blocked. That’s why Lazarex appreciates the work that has been done in Texas and other states. And we aren’t done. We will continue to raise this issue across the country.”

All cancer treatments must complete a series of clinical trials before becoming eligible for FDA approval. Many cancer patients for whom standard treatment has failed are eligible for potentially life-saving clinical trials; however, most aren’t aware of the option or must decide between living expenses and hope.

Lazarex is the only non-profit in the United States that assists patients with finding clinical trials and reimbursing them for the travel costs to get to those clinical trials. In its 13 years, Lazarex has helped more than 4,500 patients access clinical trials.

###

Laura Evans Manatos
Laura Evans Media
+1 301-379-6028
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Lazarex: Connecting Patients to Tomorrow’s Treatments Today


Source: EIN Presswire

Softlink IC Liberty Wellington NZ Conference This Week

This Thursday and Friday sees the 2019 series of Liberty V5 User Group Conferences kick off in Wellington New Zealand.

Without libraries what have we? We have no past and no future.”

— Ray Bradbury

BRISBANE, QLD, AUSTRALIA, June 19, 2019 /EINPresswire.com/ — We are sure all our Liberty V5 customers attending the Wellington NZ Liberty User Group Meeting and Masterclass this Thursday and Friday will enjoy themselves. A great social evening of drinks and canapés will finish off a full Thursday very nicely!

This year Softlink information Centres will hold an illumin roadshow event after the conclusion of the traditional Masterclass on the 21st of June. For librarians working in any type of special library, who are interested in software that will help them efficiently and economically manage their deluge of reference queries, it will be worth an hour of your time to get a peek at illumim!

Registration for the Australian Liberty V5 UGM conference in Melbourne on the 8th and 9th of August remains open until July the 19th. The location, agenda and social event details are all there.

For our UK and European Liberty V5 customers, registration for the September London UGM will now open before the end of June.

The Softlink Information Centres’ Events page has all the details for the Melbourne conference. The London conference details will follow shortly.

About Softlink Information Centres:

Softlink Information Centres specialises in knowledge, content and library management systems and request management systems for special, education, government and corporate information centres and libraries.
Our leading solutions, Liberty and illumin, integrate with the latest digital technologies, providing a centralised performance platform to store, manage, discover and deliver your physical and digital resources.

John Crook
Softlink Information Centres
+61 7 3124 6111
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Source: EIN Presswire

Baker Act Abuse Prompts CCHR to Call for Greater Protection of Children

The headquarters for CCHR Florida are located in downtown Clearwater.

The headquarters for CCHR Florida are located in downtown Clearwater.

The Citizens Commission on Human Rights is a non-profit mental health watchdog dedicated to the eradication of abuses committed under the guise of mental health.

The Citizens Commission on Human Rights is a non-profit mental health watchdog dedicated to the eradication of abuses committed under the guise of mental health.

The CCHR is asking lawmakers to change how the mental health law is applied to children to protect them from unjust involuntary psychiatric examinations.

The manner in which the Baker Act is being initiated when dealing with children is a gross violation of human rights.”

— Diane Stein, President CCHR Florida

CLEARWATER, FL, UNITED STATES, June 18, 2019 /EINPresswire.com/ — Allowing for a person of any age to be taken into custody and transported to a psychiatric facility for examination, the mental health law in Florida, commonly called a Baker Act, saw more than 32,000 involuntary psychiatric examinations initiated on children in Florida during 2017, according to the most recent report released by the Baker Act Reporting Center. Some of these children are very young, including those between the ages of 2 and 5 years old. [1]

The Florida chapter of the international mental health watchdog, the Citizens Commission on Human Rights (CCHR), is concerned over the large number of individuals being sent annually for involuntary psychiatric examinations in light of the fact that it is known that a percentage of these Baker Acts are illegal due to a failure to meet the criteria for taking a person into custody. There were over 199,000 involuntary psychiatric examinations of all age groups initiated in Florida during 2017.

In order to take a person into custody under a Baker Act there are three criteria that must be legally met yet it is common knowledge that this is not always done and it was disclosed during a meeting of the Baker Act Task Force in 2017 that 30 percent of the Baker Acts initiated on children in Pinellas County did not meet the criteria. This alarming fact is one reason CCHR believes the Baker Act needs to be reformed so that parents and guardians are brought into the process before a child is put through the trauma of a Baker Act. [2]

In the example of minors, parents and legal guardians are being left out of the process only finding out that their child has been Baker Acted after initiation and usually after the child has been transported by law enforcement to a psychiatric facility. CCHR believes that this is a rights violation, a belief that is shared by Sheriffs, Police Chiefs and even School Districts across Florida.

“It is abhorrent that any child can be taken into custody under the Baker Act without parental involvement in the process,” stated Diane Stein, President CCHR Florida. “But when you are talking about children young as 2 to 5 you are now talking about a gross violation of human rights.”

Over the past several years, CCHR has been working to educate those granted the power to initiate a Baker Act involving a child on why a parent or guardian should be brought into the process before initiation resulting in county and city level policy changes that requires parents to be contacted prior to initiating a Baker Act.

However, greater protection of children is needed according to CCHR prompting the organization to ask Florida lawmakers to change how the mental health law is applied to children and teens to help prevent unjust involuntary psychiatric examinations.

Those interested in learning more about CCHR’s campaign to protect children from abusive Baker Acting are encouraged to call 800-782-2878.

About CCHR: Initially established by the Church of Scientology and renowned psychiatrist Dr. Thomas Szasz in 1969, CCHR’s mission is to eradicate abuses committed under the guise of mental health and enact patient and consumer protections. L. Ron Hubbard, founder of Scientology, first brought psychiatric imprisonment to wide public notice: “Thousands and thousands are seized without process of law, every week, over the ‘free world’ tortured, castrated, killed. All in the name of ‘mental health,’” he wrote in March 1969. For more information visit www.cchrflorida.org

Sources:
[1] Baker Act Reporting Center http://www.dcf.state.fl.us/programs/samh/publications/The%20Baker%20Act%20-%20FL%20MH%20Act%20-%20FY%2016-17%20Annual%20Report%20-%20Released%20June%202018.pdf
[2] CHILDREN’S BAKER ACT TASK FORCE, MINUTES for FIRST MEETING 7.20.17 http://www.dcf.state.fl.us/programs/samh/mentalhealth/task-force-examination-minors/docs/20170720/20170720-minutes.pdf

Diane Stein
Citizens Commission on Human Rights of Florida
+1 727-422-8820
email us here
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CCHR Florida: Who Speaks for the Child?


Source: EIN Presswire

International Tax Attorney to Serve on Panel to Discuss Tax Challenges & Techniques For Controlled Foreign Corporations

International Tax Law Firm

Paula Brunoro-Borokhov, Principal Attorney at Brunoro Law, APC., discusses legal and tax challenges associated with foreign controlled corporations (CFCs)

SAN DIEGO, CALIFORNIA, UNITED STATES, June 18, 2019 /EINPresswire.com/ — Leading international tax attorney, Paula Brunoro-Borokhov, of Brunoro Law, APC., is conducting a live international tax webinar for tax professionals and advisers on Thursday, June 20th, 2019. The webinar focuses on the “legal challenges and available planning techniques for domesticating individually-owned foreign controlled corporations (CFCs) post-tax reform.” Brunoro-Borokhov will serve on the webinar panel alongside William R. Skinner, Partner at Fenwick and West. The two presenters will provide a live 90-minute discussion followed by an interactive Q&A session with participants.

Complex new CFC rules implemented by the U.S. government pose unique tax challenges to U.S. persons with non-U.S. businesses and investments. Brunoro-Borokhov will discuss specific methods of domesticating and restructuring foreign corporations to mitigate increased tax liability and provide tax savings. U.S. taxpayers affected by this change, as well as tax professionals and advisors, must reexam existing structures of foreign corporations under their purview.

The panel will discuss these and other key issues:
• How does tax reform impact rules governing U.S. persons with non-U.S. businesses and investments?
• What factors must be considered by non-corporate U.S. shareholders of foreign corporations?
• What methods are available for domesticating or restructuring CFCs for U.S. taxpayers?
• How can Section 962 elections ensure tax savings?
• Application of the transition tax and GILTI for purposes of domesticating of a foreign corporation

The panel webinar begins at 1:00pm EDT on Thursday, June 20th, 2019. Additional registration and event information can be found here.

About Brunoro Law, APC
Paula Brunoro-Borokhov is the principal attorney at Brunoro Law, APC, a leading international tax law firm located in San Diego California. Brunoro received her J.D. equivalent from the Faculdade de Direito de Vitória in Brazil, graduating Summa Cum Laude. She obtained her LL.M degree in Business and Corporate Law from the University of San Diego and her LL.M in Taxation from the New York University School of Law. Brunoro has been recognized by both the San Diego Daily Transcript and San Diego Business Journal for her legal accomplishments and is an active member of the California Lawyers Association.
Brunoro Law specializes in assisting businesses and individuals with business and tax related matters. The firm’s practice areas include but are not limited to: Tax Controversy, Collections, Planning, International Tax, and Corporate law with a specialization in representing clients in cross-border transactions. Contact the firm to receive more information or request a consultation from Paula Brunoro.

Paula Brunoro-Borokhov
Brunoro Law, APC
+1 619-394-8681
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Source: EIN Presswire

What Does a Copyright Mean, and What Are the Different Types?

Trademark & IP Attorneys

Intellectual Property Attorneys

A copyright gives exclusive rights to persons who create original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, and other intellectual works.

Copyright law does not apply to facts and ideas. Instead, it protects the representation of facts and ideas.”

— Alex Sluzas, Esq.

PHILADELPHIA, PA, UNITED STATES, June 18, 2019 /EINPresswire.com/ — ++

What is a Copyright?

A copyright ascertains exclusive rights to persons who create original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic and certain other intellectual works. Being a form of intellectual property law, it applies to both published and unpublished works.

Copyright law does not apply to facts and ideas. Instead, it protects the representation of facts and ideas. Works that are still intangible and not rendered onto a physical medium are just ideas and therefore not entitled to copyright protection.

Unlawful usage of works protected by the copyright law is known as copyright infringement. In case of infringement, you can seek the help of a copyright attorney. Copyright lawyers help clients apply for copyrights and represent them in disputes over copyrighted material.

Copyright offers the owner exclusive right to:

-Reproduce the work in copies
-Prepare imitative works based upon the original work.
-Distribute copies of the work to the public by sale or other transfer of ownership or by rental, lease, or lending
-Perform the work publicly if it is a literary, musical, dramatic, or choreographic work
-Display the work publicly if it is a pictorial, graphic, audio-visual or sculptural work. This right also applies to the still images of a motion picture or other audiovisual creations.
-Broadcast the work publicly using a digital audio transmission if the work is a sound recording

Copyright law applies to the following:
-Literary works
-Musical works
-Dramatic works
-Choreographic works
-Artistic works
-Motion pictures and other audiovisual works
-Sound recordings
-Architectural works
-Literary Works

Section 101 of the Copyright Act defines “literary works” as “works, other than audiovisual works, expressed in words, numbers, or other verbal or numerical symbols or indicia, regardless of the nature of the material objects, such as books, periodicals, manuscripts, phonorecords, film, tapes, disks, or cards, in which they are embodied.”
Works termed as “literature,” such as novels, poems, stories, essays, etc.

Written work like catalogs, reference books and databases are also applicable for copyright protection. On the Internet, this definition of literary work includes emails, blog posts, online forums posts, and even computer programs.

Musical Works

“Musical works" include the instrumental component of the work as well as any accompanying words. According to Section 115 of the Copyright Act, musical works should have “compulsory licensing” once they have been released to the public. These compulsory licenses allow any musician to perform or record their own version of a song without getting permission from the original songwriter.

Dramatic Works

Any work of action, with or without words or music that can be performed before an audience falls under the category of “Dramatic works.” Dramatic works include plays, screenplays, scripts, choreographic notation, choreographic shows and scenarios for a film (but not the film itself). Any work that is intended to be performed dramatically and has been recorded in some form is qualified for copyright protection. Copyright owners of dramatic works possess the right to reproduce, publish, publicly perform, communicate or adapt their works.

Artistic Works

Artistic work commonly includes pictorial, graphic and sculptural works. Artistic works are protected by various statutory rights pursuant to section 32 of the Copyright Act 1968. Some examples provided by this section include paintings and drawings, sculptures, crafts, architectural plans and buildings; and photographs; and maps and plans. Digital illustrations also fall under this category.

Motion Pictures and Other Audiovisual Works

"Audiovisual work," involves anything which combines both images (visual) and recorded sound (audio). The category of "audio-visual works" includes not just movies. Everything from movies to slideshows to video podcasts—anything that is meant to be visually presented (be it on a projector, TV or computer screen) that consists of recorded sound and images.

Sound Recordings

Sound recordings are defined by the Copyright Act as "works that result from the fixation of a series of musical, spoken, or other sounds, but not including the sounds accompanying a motion picture or other audio-visual work.”

Unlike musical works copyright, which protects the musical notes that make up a song, the actual recording of that performed notation is protected as a sound recording. That is, an actual recording of the song onto a physical medium (the CD, tape, mp3 file, etc.) is considered a sound recording. Sounds can also include speeches, sound effects, and audio books.

Architectural Works

The architectural work category protects the design of a building in architectural blueprints, architectural drawings, and even buildings themselves. In the case of architectural works, copyright can protect the work’s general form as well as the arrangement and composition of spaces and elements in the design. Buildings meet the general requirements for copyright protection if they are not just basically functional but have adequately original design.

If you are in need of a copyright lawyer, contact the offices of Paul & Paul for all of your intellectual property needs. Call toll-free at 866-975-7231 to receive a consultation today.

About the Author:
Alex Sluzas, of Paul & Paul, is an Intellectual Property Rights attorney. His experience encompasses a variety of practice areas, including Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights. Mr. Sluzas has comprehensive litigation experience in a diverse array of technical areas. He has specialized in the study of liquid crystals and physical polymer chemistry. A former senior scientist and trademark counsel with Rohm and Haas Co., his focus areas include: polymers, resins, monomers, alloys, coatings, tertiary and quaternary wastewater treatment, printed circuit board cleaners, and other solvents. He has experience in mechanical, computer, biotechnology and chemical arts, trademarks, and copyrights.

About Paul & Paul
Paul & Paul is one of the leading Patent Law firms in the greater Philadelphia metropolitan area. Our attorneys have the experience before state and federal courts throughout the United States, including the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, the U.S. Copyright Office, the U.S. International Trade Commission, and the U.S. Federal Trade Commission.

+++++ Disclaimer+++++ This press release is considered advertising and does not constitute any client-attorney privilege and does not offer any advice or opinion on any legal matter. This release was drafted by Results Driven Marketing, LLC a digital marketing, Public Relations, advertising, and content marketing firm located in Wynnewood, PA

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Alex R. Sluzas, Esq.
Paul & Paul Intellectual Property Attorneys
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Source: EIN Presswire

CYBERPOL Public Search Criminal Database to include Crypto Currency wallets used in cyber crime.

CYBERPOL

CYBERPOL President Ricardo Baretzky

BRUSSELS, 1000, BELGIUM, June 18, 2019 /EINPresswire.com/ — CYBERPOL Public Search Criminal Database to include Crypto Currency wallets used in cyber crime.

CYBERPOL The International Cyber Policing Organization established by decree no WL 22/16.595 established today four years ago in Brussels made available to the public the first cyber criminal database empowered by the "Neural symbiotic network of the super computer " as the international cyber utility agency leader in investigation in cyber crimes and terror of the Dark-Web today.

This first Cyber Criminal Public Record Database in Beta Test mode currently will allow four basic levels of searching of wanted cyber criminals allowing for verification and searches of IP's, emails and Crypto currency wallets used in on-line scams related to cyber crimes listed in the database.

In addition to this, all crypto wallets using crypto currencies in cyber crime will now be listed on the Cyber Crime search engine by CYBERPOL organization making it very difficult for cyber criminals to use crypto-currencies as payment methods for scams and cyber crimes.

You can now report any scam email to CYBERPOL that when verified will be listed in the CYBERPOL Cyber Criminal Public Database open to public to search.

More than £108,000 in bitcoin was paid by victims of the WannaCry ransomware attacks using bitcoin as undetectable crypto-currency payment. Since such wallets used in crimes are not considered privacy breaches but in the interest of the law it is in the public interest to warn public and make such wallets black listed public records globally before further victims falls pray to cyber crimes Baretzky President of CYBERPOL said.

Public and law enforcement can use this CYBERPOL facilities for free and report such e-mail of extortion to be entered into the public records of CYBERPOL Public Utility directly by requests.

Several entries is already public to search on-line and don't try to fool CYBERPOL. The tracking of cyber crimes goes the extra mile to track the same hackers when visiting the search engine on CYBERPOL website using a new AI (Artificial Intelligence) named 666 to capture both mac and serial number of such computers. Don't be a hackers fool to search yourselves if you are already involved in cyber crimes, the CYBERPOL Spokes Person warned.

This will be a huge blow for crypto currencies and wallets used in cyber crimes and scams as the wallet numbers will be public listed and open to see to all public and law-enforcement free of charges in disrupting cyber crimes.

The message is clear and simple President Ricardo Baretzky of CYBERPOL said "Don't use any Crypto Currencies in INTERNET crimes as we will not only find you but list your crypto WALLET accounts for good in the block-chain based search engine of CYBERPOL Supper Computer AI 666 symbiotic neural network and let me assure all those financial criminals, once listed there is no escape! I hope this message is clear to criminals and corruption"

It seems the days messing with elections using secret corruption payments could be counted as CYBERPOL has set a new paradigm in combating cyber crimes and global corruption never seen before.

For more information contact
press@cyberpol.info

Ricardo Baretzky
CYBERPOL The International Cyber Policing Organization estab
+41 22 518 34 41
email us here


Source: EIN Presswire

Rosoka Software & Net Vision Consultants awarded DOJ Data Analytics Solutions and Services blanket purchase agreement

Under the estimated $500 million in solutions and services over the multi-year term Rosoka has agreed to provide enhanced metadata and advanced analytics.

HERNDON, VA, USA, June 18, 2019 /EINPresswire.com/ — Rosoka Software today announced that its teaming partner Net Vision Consultants has been selected as one of several prime contractors for the Department of Justice (DOJ) Data Analytics Solutions and Services blanket purchase agreement (BPA). The DOJ estimates that it will purchase $500 million in solutions and services over the multi-year term of this Blanket Purchase Agreement. Under this agreement, Rosoka has agreed to provide enhanced metadata and advanced analytics, which will include language identification, entity extraction, geo-mapping of locations, a gazetteer for places entity coordinates, anaphora resolution, entity multi-vector sentiment analysis, salience analysis, and relationship extraction in any of 200+ languages.

“This award is further validation that Rosoka's proven NLP-based entity extraction and text analytics technology delivers measurable value to system integrator partners as they design, propose and deploy innovative solutions for managing the growing volumes of unstructured data for federal and commercial clients,” said Gregory Roberts, the company’s founder and CEO. This was the second major multi-million dollar, multi-year subcontract received by Rosoka in the past few months. The Net Vision Consultants team consisted of Norseman Defense Technologies, Southern Cross Engineering (an Entegra Systems subsidiary), Rosoka Software, Inc., Jovian Concepts, Inc, and Enlighten IT Consulting (a Macaulay-Brown, Inc. company).

For more information please contact Kurt Michel

About Rosoka Software
Rosoka pioneered the philosophy that the content should speak for itself. Rosoka's multilingual product suite is used to enhance mission-critical solutions in a wide range of applications and markets. Today Rosoka software provides optimized insights by extracting entities, relationships, sentiment, and location from documents in over 200 languages.

For more information visit www.rosoka.com or contact us at info@rosoka.com.

Kurt Michel
Rosoka Software, Inc.
+1 703.391.0381
email us here


Source: EIN Presswire

National Reparations Activists and Lawyers to Apply Pressure on Congressional Hearing

Reparations by Any Means

Reparations and the 2020 Elections

Take a Stand for Reparations

Hearing on H.R. 40, Legislation to Study Slave Reparations

WASHINGTON, DC, USA, June 18, 2019 /EINPresswire.com/ — Juneteenth (June 19th) commemorates the emancipation of enslaved Black people in America. The struggle for Reparations advocates for the uncompensated debt associated with the transatlantic slave trade and the 400-year Black Holocaust. On Wednesday, June 19th an historic Congressional Hearing on Reparations will be held.
https://www.npr.org/2019/06/16/733248929/house-panel-to-consider-slavery-reparations-proposals

On Wednesday, June 19th a national press conference scheduled for 9am by an umbrella coalition formed by Black Empowerment (black-empowerment.com) consisting of national lawyers, and human rights activists from across the country, including leaders from Black Lawyers For Justice (BlackRightsMatter), Afro-Descendant Institute of Human Rights (https://adihr.us) the New Black Panther Party, recovery act activists and others will be in full attendance during the hearing on H.R. 40, legislation to study slavery and to propose actual remedies in the form of Reparations for the descendants of slavery here in America.
https://ibw21.org/events/061919-national-forum-hr-40-and-the-promise-of-reparations-for-african-americans/

Representatives from N’COBRA (National Coalition of Blacks for Reparations in America) have been invited and expected to attend. (https://www.ncobraonline.org)

“For over 400 years Black people in America (Afro-Descendants) have suffered under the worst Holocaust and enslavement known to mankind.” – Malik Z. Shabazz, Black Empowerment Delegation Leader

CONGRESSIONAL REPARATIONS HEARING SCHEDULE OF EVENTS

8am GATHER AT RAYBURN HOUSE CONGRESSIONAL OFFICE BUILDING

BLACK HOLOCAUST PUBLIC SLAVERY EVIDENCE EXHIBIT

9am NEWS CONFERENCE

10am ATTEND REPARATIONS HEARING IN MASS

Presenters at the Reparations news conference include Dr. Mustafa Al-Ansari, Esq. facilitator for Afro-Descendant Institute for Human Rights; Malik Z. Shabazz Esq. National President of Black Lawyers for Justice; Minister Hashim Nzinga, National Chairman of the New Black Panther Party; John Cheeks, Recovery Act; Nation of Islam representatives. Also expected are national representatives of N’COBRA (National Coalition of Blacks for Reparations in America). Their mere presence, voice and uncompromising position of these hard-line organizations is expected to apply pressure to the Congressional Members of the House Judiciary Subcommittee on the Constitution, Civil Rights and Civil Liberties Committee.

“There is a growing militancy and growing Black Nationalism in America due to Donald Trump and his presidency. This new militant generation is represented by the New Black Panther Party and we will be in force on Capitol Hill to ensure things go the right way.” – Hashim Nzinga – National Chairman – New Black Panther Party

“We have to become a collective so that we can determine the harms and be able to implement the Collective Reparations measures and funds. We have to have land and territory and independence.” – Dr. Mustafa Ansari – Afro-Descendant Institute of Human Rights

NATIONAL REPARATIONS DAY
On Monday, July 1, 2019 a coalition of Reparations groups, coordinated by Black Empowerment (Black-Empowerment.com) will hold a National press conference entitled, “Reparations and the 2020 Election.” This dynamic news conference will be held at the National Press Club in Washington, DC from 1pm-3pm.

Reparations actions and activities are scheduled for 20 cities. A national Mission Statement designed to solidify and advise the course of the Reparations Movement will emerge on this day. Organizers are planning boycotts and demonstrations and shut downs of non-Black businesses, Unity meetings and educational seminars nationwide on this National Reparations Day of July 1, 2019.

Malik Z. Shabazz, Esq.
Black Empowerment
+1 202-875-9623
email us here
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Source: EIN Presswire